Athens can trace its history back 3,400 years and was once the centre of the civilised world. Today Athens is a bustling city of around 750,000 citizens and is the cultural and administrative centre of Greece. The city was the hosts of the 2004 Olympics - while Greece is the founding country of the Olympic movement.
Places to visit in Athens
The Parthenon - the iconic temple which seems to hang above Athens, completed in 438BC. Dedicated to the goddess Athena, who, some local people believe, still protects Athens. The Acropolis is the flat-topped rock that rises 150 m above sea level, on which the Parthenon is built.
Ancient Agora - site of the ancient marketplace of the city. also used as a meeting place by politicians of the time - similar to the Roman forum.
Syntagma Square - (Constitution Square), is the capital's central and largest square, lying adjacent to the Greek Parliament (the former Royal Palace) and the city's most noted hotels.
Plaka - is an area just near the Acropolis and has narrow streets and lots of tavernas. The place where you're most likely to bump into your old college buddies!
Mount Lycabettus - is a limestone hill near the centre of the city. At 277 meters above sea level, the hill is the highest point in the city. Pine trees cover its base, and at its peak are the 19th century Chapel of St. George, a theatre, and a restaurant. The hill is a popular tourist destination and can be ascended by the Lycabettus Funicular, a funicular railway which climbs the hill from a lower terminus at Kolonaki.
The National Archaeological Museum - is the most important archaeological museum in the country, and one of the most important internationally, as it contains a vast collection of antiquities from as far back as 5000 years.
The Acropolis Museum is an archaeological museum focused on the findings of the archaeological site of the Acropolis of Athens. Housed in a modern building it opened in 2009 and is very popular with tourists.
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus - is a stone theatre structure located on the south slope of the Acropolis of Athens. The ancient theatre dates from 161AD and is now the venue for the Athens Festival which runs from June to September each year.
The National Garden of Athens - is situated just behind the parliament buildings in central Athens. It is the largest park in the city and dates from 1834.
Piraeus- is the port area of Athens - it is a separate town but lies adjacent to Athens. Situated upon the Saronic Gulf, the port is the largest passenger port in Europe and is where you catch ferries to the islands.
Piraeus - source wikipedia
Guide to Europe
|Travel Guide to the European Union 2013|