Budapest Guide

Budapest is Hungary's capital and largest city and with around 1.7 million citizens. The River Danube bisects the city. The city can trace its roots back to Roman times when the city of Aquincum was the regional capital. It took its present form in 1873 when the towns of Buda on the west bank of the river was united with Pest on the east bank. 

Regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, its extensive World Heritage Site includes the banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter, Andrássy Avenue, Heroes' Square and the Millennium Underground Railway, the second oldest in the world. Other highlights include a total of 80 geothermal springs.

Places to visit in Budapest

Architecture - wander the streets and take in the baroque, neoclassical and art nouveau influenced buildings.


Buda Castle - Huge castle completed in 1265 - over looks the whole of the city centre. Also known as the Royal Palace. Inside you will find the Hungarian National Gallery and the Budapest History Museum - allow plenty of time for this visit.  

Fisherman's Bastion - a  neo-gothic terrace on castle hill. 

                          Fishermans Bastion               Szechenyi Baths Budapest 

                                   Fisherman's Bastion                                                              Szechenyi Baths  

Matthias Church - is a 14th century church located in Budapest, Hungary, at the heart of Buda's Castle District

Hungarian Parliament Building - a neo-gothic gem on the banks of the Danube. The building was started in 1885 and completed in 1904, it contains 691 rooms and has ten courtyards; it also houses the Hungarian crown jewels' 

Andrássy Avenue is an iconic boulevard in Budapest, Hungary, dating back to 1872. 

Hero's Square - It lies at the end of Andrássy Avenue, with which it comprises part of an extensive World Heritage site, and is adjacent to City Park. It was completed in 1929. 

The Museum of Fine Arts - is a museum in Heroes' Square; contains large collection of international art from various periods. 


Hungarian National Museum - archaeological finds and artefacts from Hungary's history. 

Gellert Baths - Spa and thermal baths in a stunning art nouveau building, near to Castle Hill. 

Margaret Island - in the middle of the River Danube was once the site of a Turkish harem but is now a public park. 

Parks - there are numerous public parks in the city; look out for Memento Park - home to socialist era statues (?) and City Park on the Pest side, which has a boating lake and Szechenyi Baths (see photo above) offers numerous thermal spas and swimming pools. 



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Travel Guide to the European Union 2013