Denmark

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The quick travel guide to Denmark and Copenhagen

Introduction

Denmark is situated on a peninsular jutting out from mainland Europe into the North Sea, there are also numerous islands, the largest two lie in the channel which leads to the Baltic Sea. The largest of these is called Sjaelland (Zealand); the capital Copenhagen is located in the east of the island facing Sweden across a narrow channel. The two countries are connected by the Oresund Bridge which carries both road and rail traffic. The other main island is called Fyn (Funen) and is connected to the mainland by a bridge. Denmark is one of the smaller countries in the EU with an area of 43,070 sq km and a population of around 5.17m; 620,970  people live in Copenhagen. 

Denmark is surrounded by the sea and only has one border which is with Germany to the south. Most of Denmark is flat and rocky as a result of the last ice age which covered the whole area in ice. The highest point is only 171 metres above sea level. Much of the country is covered in forest, farmland and numerous lakes; the are numerous sandy beaches on the long coastline.

 

Denmark is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. Denmark has a state-level government and local governments in 98 municipalities. Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973, although it has not joined the Eurozone. Denmark is a founding member of NATO and the OECD. Denmark is also a member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). The currency is the Danish krone (1 krone = 100 ore)

Many of the larger islands are connected by bridges; the Øresund Bridge connects Zealand with Sweden; the Great Belt Bridge connects Funen with Zealand; and the Little Belt Bridge connects Jutland with Funen. Ferries or small aircraft connect to the smaller islands. The main cities are the capital Copenhagen on Zealand; Århus, Aalborg and Esbjerg in Jutland; and Odense on Funen

Denmark has been settled by man since pre-history times but it was subjected to repeated ice ages. Most notably Denmark was home to the Danes during the 9-11th century who formed part of the Viking nations who invaded and conquered much of northern Europe including Britain. 

More recently Denmark was invaded by Germany in 1940. After the war Denmark became an independent nation again and was active in establishing NATO. Denmark joined the early version of the EU in 1973.

 

Map of Denmark

                   Map of Denmark  

Interactive Map of Denmark 

 
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