Travel Guide to Greece
Greece is made up of thousands of islands and these are the main attraction for tourists but there are attractive towns on the mainland as well. The Peloponnese peninsular, ancient Sparta, offers rugged terrain and quiet beaches. In the north the area around Thessaloniki is mountainous and unspoilt. There are also many archaeological sites that will enthral the visitor.
Places to visit in Greece
Athens - is the capital of Greece and has its own page - Athens
Crete - is Greece's largest island and furthest south so its hot! Crete was the centre of the Minoan civilization (circa 2700–1420 BCE), the first advanced civilization in Europe. Some of the most famous tourist attractions include the Minoan sites of Knossos and Phaistos, the classical site of Gortys, the Venetian old city and port of Chania, the Venetian castle at Rethymno and the Samaria Gorge.
Agios Nikolaos Crete
The Peloponnese - A large peninsular in the south west of Greece, it is separated from the mainland by the Corinth Canal. The peninsula has a mountainous interior and deeply indented coasts, with Mount Taygetus its highest point at 2409 m. The most famous place in the Peloponnese is Olympia which is the location of the original Olympic games, the ruins are now a World Heritage Site.
Delphi - site of the ancient oracle on the side of Mt Parnassos overlooking the Gulf of Corinth. The site is quite large and includes the Temple of Apollo and the Tholos - a columned rotunda dating from the 4th century BC.
Meteora - in northern Greece is the site of huge sandstone formations with monasteries perched on top, one of the most notable sights in Greece. There are six monasteries which are open to the public; please note - a dress code applies. Accommodation is available in nearby Kastraki.
Mt Olympus - also in the north of the country, Mt Olympus is the home of the ancient Greek gods. It rises to a height of 2917m and is the highest point in Greece. It is reckoned to be a two day trek to the top - there are refuges on the route but check when they are open.
Thessaloniki - is in the north of Greece near the border with Macedonia, it is the second largest city in Greece with around 800,000 citizens. The city can traces its history back 2,300 years and was a major settlement of the Roman and Byzantine Empires it is now a lively modern city that is popular with locals and tourists alike. There are several excellent museums and ancient sites in the city; the most notable of these include, the White Tower, Archaeological Museum, Museum of Byzantine Culture, the Panagia Chalkeon church, Aristotelous Square and Ano Poli (Old Town) which is a World Heritage Site.
The Cyclades - comprise about 220 islands, not far from the mainland and forming a rough circular shape. The major ones being Amorgós, Anáfe, Ándros, Antíparos, Delos, Escháte, Íos, Kéa, Kímolos, Kýthnos, Melos, Mýkonos, Náxos, Páros, Folégandros, Sérifos, Sífnos, Síkinos, Sýros, Tenos, and Thera or Santoríni (see below). Most of the smaller islands are uninhabited. Mykonos is probably the most famous and most visited but it is worth it.
Santorini - a small white town perched precariously atop black volcanic cliffs is a sight not to be missed. The ancient caldera of the volcano still smoulders in the middle of the bay. Visit the black sand beaches on the other side of the island as well.
The Dodecanese - (literally "twelve islands") are a group of 12 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwest coast of Turkey. Rhodes is the largest island and most visited. The others are; Kos, Patmos, Astipalea, Kalimnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Leros, Nisyros, Symi, Tilos and Kastelorizo - take your choice!.
Guide to Europe
|Travel Guide to the European Union 2013|