The quick travel guide to Romania and Bucharest
Romania is situated in the south east region of the EU, it has a coast on the Black Sea and shares borders with Ukraine to the north, Moldova to the east, Bulgaria to the south, Serbia to the south west and Hungary to the north west. The River Danube runs along much of the southern border with Bulgaria.
Romania is a medium sized country that covers an area of 237,500 sq km, it has a population of around 23.2 million. The capital is Bucharest which is located in the south of the country; it has a population of around 2 million. Ethnic groups within Romania are - 89% Romanian, 7% Hungarian and 2% Romany.
Romania also joined NATO on March 29, 2004, and the EU in may 2007. It is also a member of the Latin Union, and of the United Nations. Romania is a semi-presidential unitary state. It is divided into 41 counties for administrative purpose. After Bucharest the largest cities are; Iasi with a population of 316,000, Timisoara 312,000, Cluj-Napoca 306,000, Constanta 302,000. Romania is not part of the Schengen Agreement but will be in near future.
A large part of Romania's border with Serbia and Bulgaria is formed by the Danube. The Danube is joined by the Prut River, which forms the border with the Republic of Moldova in the east. The Danube flows into the Black Sea within Romania's territory forming the Danube Delta, the second largest and the best preserved delta in Europe, and a biosphere reserve and a biodiversity World Heritage Site.Other important rivers are the Siret, running north-south through Moldavia, the Olt, running from the oriental Carpathian Mountains to Oltenia, and the Mures, running through Transylvania from East to West.
The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with fourteen of its mountain ranges reaching above the altitude of 2,000 meters. The highest mountain in Romania is Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m). In south-central Romania, the Carpathians decend into hills, towards the Baragan Plains. Romania's terrain is distributed roughly equally between the mountainous, hilly and lowland territories. Romania's geographical diversity has led to an accompanying diversity of flora and fauna.
Owing to its distance from the open sea and position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is transitional between temperate and continental with four distinct seasons. Average maximum summer temperatures are around 28C but it can get much hotter. Winter average minimum temperatures are around 2C.
Tourism focuses on the country's natural landscapes and its rich history and is a significant contributor to the Romania's economy. Tourism is one of the most dynamic and fastest developing sectors of the economy of Romania and characterized by a huge potential for development.
Over the last years, Romania has emerged as a popular tourist destination for many Europeans (more than 60% of the foreign visitors were from EU countries). Romania destinations such as Mangalia, Saturn, Venus, Neptun, Olimp, Constanta and Mamaia (sometimes called the Romanian Riviera) are among the most popular attraction during summer. During winter, the skiing resorts along the Valea Prahovei and Poiana Brasov are popular with foreign visitors.
For their medieval atmosphere and castles, Transylvanian cities such as Sibiu, Brasov, Sighisoara, Cluj-Napoca, Tārgu Mures have become important tourist attractions for foreigners. Rural tourism focused on folklore and traditions, has become an important alternative recently and is targeted to promote such sites as Bran and its Dracula's Castle, the Painted churches of Northern Moldavia, the Wooden churches of Maramures, or the Merry Cemetery in Maramures County. Other major natural attractions in Romania such as Danube Delta, Iron Gates (Danube Gorge), Scarisoara Cave and several other caves in the Apuseni Mountains have yet to receive great attention. The area of Transylvania lies enclosed within the horseshoe shape of the Carpathian Mountains. This area is the legendary home of the literary character Dracula.
Other distinctive castles in Romania are; Hunyad Castle (see photo), Iulia Hasdeu Castle, Peles Castle, Pelisor Castle and Sighisoara Citadel.
Location Map of Romania
Interactive Map of Romania
Guide to Europe
|Travel Guide to the European Union 2013|