Rome / Roma Guide
According to legend Rome was founded in 753BC by Romulus and Remus and by 100AD it was the capital of the world. Today it is a bustling, vibrant city and one of the 'must see' cities in Europe. The city offers ancient ruins, spectacular Renaissance buildings and excellent shopping and cafes to keep to visitor happy.
Places to visit in Rome
Colosseum - The largest amphitheatre ever built by the Romans the Coliseum was at the centre of life in the city. Occupying a site just east of the Roman Forum, its construction started between 70 and 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under Titus. It could seat 50,000 spectators and was used for gladiatorial contests, re-enactments of famous battles and other spectacles.
Roman Forum - was at the heart of ancient Rome and today offers a glimpse into history. The ruins of around ten temples can be seen as well as several basilicas and triumphal arches. The oldest temple is dedicated to Castor and Pollux and dates from 494BC.St Peter's Basilica Rome
Vatican City - is a sovereign city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome. It has an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of just over 800 and is of course home to the Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic church. At the heart of the Vatican is St Peter's Square and St Peter's Basilica - see below. There are also extensive gardens with many statues and fountains to see.
St. Peter's Basilica, is a Late Renaissance church located within the Vatican City. Often described as 'the greatest church in Christendom' it was constructed between 1506 and 1626.
St Peter's Square - is perhaps the most famous square in the world and offers stunning views of the Basilica and surrounding Renaissance buildings. The open space which lies before the basilica was redesigned by Gian Lorenzo Bernini from 1656 to 1667, under the direction of Pope Alexander VII.
Trevi Fountain - the iconic fountain that is a symbol of the city stands 25.9 meters (85 feet) high and 19.8 meters (65 feet) wide - it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city. It featured in the Da Vinci Code and has now become even more popular.
Pantheon - commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD, the Pantheon is now a church.
The Renaissance Piazza del Campidoglio - the most impressive masterpiece of Renaissance architecture in Rome is the Piazza del Campidoglio by Michelangelo.
The Villa Borghese gardens - the second largest gardens in Rome with statues, historic buildings, fountains and museums.
The Spanish Steps - are a set of stone steps built around 1725 which are now a popular meeting place for locals and tourists.
Guide to Europe
|Travel Guide to the European Union 2013|